About COVID-19

COVID-19 symptoms can range from mild cold-like symptoms to severe illness that requires hospitalization. It can take anywhere from 2–14 days after exposure to the virus for symptoms to appear. Common symptoms include:

Coronavirus symptoms

Image courtesy of the Center of Disease Control (CDC)..

Severe symptoms

In addition to the common symptoms listed above, people with COVID-19 may experience more severe symptoms. If you or someone you know is experiencing any of the following symptoms, please seek emergency medical care right away:

  • Trouble breathing
  • Discoloration of the lips or face
  • Persistent chest pain or pressure in the chest
  • New confusion
  • Loss of consciousness or inability to stay awake

Prevention

Back to School Layers

COVID-19 spreads easily from person to person, especially during close contact. Follow these steps to protect yourself and others:

  • Get vaccinated
    Vaccinations are the best way to prevent COVID-19, and now anyone aged 12 and older can get a vaccine. Even if you have had COVID-19, experts recommend you should still get vaccinated for maximum protection. Find out how to get a vaccine.
  • Wear a mask
    Wearing a mask stops the spread of COVID-19, especially to those people and children who are unvaccinated. The State of Oregon requires people to wear masks in all public indoor settings.
  • Clean your hands often
    Wash your hands often with soap and water for at least 20 seconds. If soap and water are not available, clean your hands with an alcohol-based hand sanitizer that contains at least 60% alcohol. Cover all surfaces of your hands and rub them together until they feel dry. Soap and water are preferred if hands are visibly dirty. Avoid touching your eyes, nose and mouth with unwashed hands.
  • Practice social distancing
    Maintaining 6 feet of distance between yourself and others protects against the spread of COVID-19. If you are not vaccinated, avoid crowded indoor places and gatherings where it is not possible to maintain distancing.
  • Avoid sharing personal household items
    Don’t share dishes, utensils, towels or bedding with other people or pets in your home unless they have been vaccinated. After using these items, they should be washed thoroughly with soap and water.
  • Clean all “high-touch” surfaces every day
    High-touch surfaces include counters, tabletops, doorknobs, bathroom fixtures, toilets, phones, keyboards, tablets and bedside tables. Also, clean any surfaces that may have blood, stool or body fluids on them. Use a household cleaning spray or wipe, according to the instructions on the label. Bathroom and toilet surfaces should be cleaned daily with a household cleaner and a bleach disinfectant. The CDC provides recommendations for cleaning and disinfecting your home.

Treatment

Monoclonal Antibody Treatment for COVID-19

There are now treatments available that can help keep some people from getting very sick, going to the hospital, or dying from COVID-19. One type of treatment is called monoclonal antibody (mAb) treatment or therapy. Monoclonal antibodies do not take the place of a COVID-19 vaccine. Getting vaccinated is the best way to prevent getting sick with COVID-19.

Get care early
Monoclonal antibody treatment must be taken early in your illness or shortly after you are exposed to COVID-19. Monoclonal antibody treatment isn’t right for everyone and needs to be ordered by a doctor or clinic. Talk to your healthcare provider right away about what is right for you. If you don’t have a health care provider, call 211 for help finding one.

More information
Call your doctor or clinic for more information. Or call 211 for information and support.

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Monoclonal antibody treatment is a type of medicine given to someone who has been exposed to COVID-19 or who is mildly or moderately sick with COVID-19 and is NOT hospitalized. Monoclonal antibody treatment is a fluid given using a needle either into a vein (infusion) or under the skin (subcutaneously).Monoclonal antibodies are proteins produced in a lab that are designed to work like the antibodies (disease-fighting proteins) made by your own body. The proteins attach to a molecule on a virus or bacteria, in this case a spike protein on the outside of the COVID-19 virus. This blocks the virus from entering your cells, stopping the infection from spreading before it causes severe illness.

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Using monoclonal antibodies to treat COVID-19 is new, because COVID-19 is new. However, monoclonal antibodies have been tested and used for many years to treat some types of cancer and autoimmune diseases, as well as rabies, ebola, and other illnesses. Monoclonal antibody treatment works against the Delta variant of COVID-19. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) authorized monoclonal antibody treatment for emergency use for eligible COVID-19 patients. The FDA authorized two ways the treatment can be used: one is to treat someone who has tested positive for COVID-19 and the other is to help prevent COVID-19 in someone already exposed to the virus. Both uses are forpeople at high risk of getting severely ill.

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To receive either monoclonal antibody treatment you must be 12 years old or older and weigh more than 88 pounds (40 kilograms).

To be eligible to receive monoclonal antibody treatment for a current COVID-19 infection, you must:

  • Have tested positive for COVID-19
  • Be within 10 days of starting to have symptoms
  • Have mild to moderate symptoms
  • Not be hospitalized for COVID-19
  • Not be on new or increased oxygen therapy
  • And be considered a high risk patient (see below)

To be eligible to receive monoclonal antibody treatment to prevent COVID-19 infection, you must:

  • Have been exposed to COVID-19 or be at high risk of exposure in a group setting (such as a long term care facility or group home) with COVID-19 cases
  • Not be completely vaccinated or be vaccinated, but have a weakened immune system
  • And be considered a high risk patient (see below)

High risk conditions for both uses of monoclonal antibodies include:

  • Any medical condition or other factor, including race or ethnicity, that puts you at higher risk of getting severe COVID-19
  • 65 years of age or older
  • Obesity or being overweight
  • Pregnancy
  • Some ongoing diseases like kidney disease, diabetes, heart disease, high blood pressure, sickle cell disease, or lung disease
  • Disease or treatments that lower your immune response
  • Certain neurological or developmental disorders
  • Having a medical-related dependence on technology
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In addition to the antibody protein, the treatment contains water, sugar, salt, a common stabilizer often used in foods and cosmetics (polysorbate 80), and amino acids. The treatment does not contain eggs, pork products, latex or fetal cells.

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Monoclonal antibody treatment is not for everyone. Treatments may be offered through your health system, public health clinics, community clinics, or even pharmacies. Access to this treatment may depend on the overall supply available or the healthcare facilities near you.

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Monoclonal antibodies for COVID are covered by the Oregon Health Plan and other insurance providers and should be low or no cost to you.

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Social distancing refers to measures taken to increase physical space between people to slow the spread of the virus. When you can’t maintain more than 6 feet between people, make sure you use other protective measures including wearing a mask, avoiding touching your face and washing your hands often.

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Close contact as defined by the CDC is being within approximately 6 feet of a person with COVID-19 for a 15 minutes or more while they are infectious. It also means having direct contact with secretions from a person with COVID-19 (for example, being coughed or sneezed on).

Close contact with an infected person poses the highest risk of disease spread. That includes:

  • Living in the same household as a sick person with COVID-19
  • Caring for a sick person with COVID-19
  • Being within 6 feet of a sick person with COVID-19 for a prolonged period of time
  • Being in direct contact with secretions from a sick person with COVID-19 (for example, being coughed on, kissing or sharing utensils)

People can be exposed to COVID-19 without knowing it. That is why it’s important to take precautions whenever you are around people outside your household.

69961

If you get sick with cold-like symptoms, fever, cough or shortness of breath (even if your symptoms are very mild), you may have COVID-19. You should stay home and away from other people and consider getting tested. If you have any of the following conditions that may increase your risk for a serious infection (age 60 years or older, pregnancy or medical conditions), tell your healthcare provider you were exposed and describe your symptoms. They may want to monitor your health more closely or test you for COVID-19.

If you do not have a high-risk condition but want medical advice, call your healthcare provider and tell them you were exposed to someone with COVID-19 and describe your symptoms. Your healthcare provider can help you decide if you need to be evaluated in person. If you have a medical emergency and need to call 911, notify them that you may have been exposed to COVID-19. If possible, put on a mask.

69961

You should stay home away from others and monitor your health. Symptoms of COVID-19 can be similar to the common cold with sore throat and cough. Fever is not always present. Shortness of breath can mean more serious illness. Monitor your symptoms for 14 days after the last day you were in close contact with the sick person with COVID-19, and consider getting tested at 5–7 days after your last exposure or when you develop symptoms.

69961

If someone in your household becomes sick with cold-like symptoms, cough or fever, it is possible they have COVID-19. They should contact their healthcare provider for medical advice, especially if they are over the age of 60, pregnant, or have chronic medical conditions. They may want to get a COVID-19 test. If they can stay home to recover, they should follow these precautions:

  • Wear a mask
    You should wear a mask when you are around other people and before entering a healthcare provider’s office. If you are unable to wear a mask because of medical reasons, then people who live with you should not be in the same room with you and they should wear a mask when near you.
  • Stay home except to get medical care
    • Don't go to work or into public areas.
    • Avoid using public transportation, ride-sharing or taxis.
    • If you have a medical appointment, call your healthcare provider and tell them you may have COVID-19. This will help the provider’s office take steps to prevent exposure of other people.
  • Separate yourself from other people and animals in your home
    • You should stay in your own room and away from other people in your home as much as possible. Use a separate bathroom, if available. Increase airflow in shared spaces like the kitchen or bathroom by opening windows. If you need help, have just one person who is healthy and masked provide care.
    • You should avoid contact with pets and other animals while sick. When possible, have another member of your household care for your animals. If you must care for your pet, wash your hands before and after you interact with them and wear a mask.
  • Cover your coughs and sneezes
    Cover your mouth and nose with a tissue when you cough or sneeze. Throw used tissues in a lined trash can and immediately wash your hands with soap and water or use an alcohol-based sanitizer.
  • Monitor your symptoms
    • Call your healthcare provider if your symptoms worsen or you experience difficulty breathing. Tell your healthcare provider that you may have COVID-19. If you need to be seen in person, follow their instructions on how to enter a facility without exposing others and wear a mask.
    • If you have a medical emergency and need to call 911, notify them that you may have COVID-19. If possible, put on a mask before emergency medical services arrive.
69961

We are not permitted to release any information about specific COVID-19 case locations because of patient privacy laws. The risk of COVID-19 is widespread across the community, so the best way you can stay safe is to follow the public health guidelines.

69961

If you think you have been exposed to someone with COVID-19 and experience symptoms, you should stay home and monitor yourself for symptoms. Guidelines for when it is safe to leave home will differ depending on if you need to quarantine or isolate.

69961

Quarantine is intended to keep someone who may have been infected away from other people. The CDC provides specific quarantine guidelines.

Isolation is meant to keep those with a known infection away from other people, including those in their household. The CDC provides specific isolation guidelines.

69961

Effective 8/13/21, the State of Oregon requires masks to be worn by all adults and children 5 and older in indoor public settings. 

If you are traveling outside of Oregon, the CDC recommends wearing masks, especially in areas of significant community-based transmission.

Masks should include two or more washable, breathable layers.
Masks are not recommended for:

  • Children under age 2
  • Anyone who has trouble breathing
  • Anyone who is unconscious, incapacitated or otherwise unable to remove the mask without assistance
69961

Frequently Asked Questions

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Monoclonal antibody treatment is a type of medicine given to someone who has been exposed to COVID-19 or who is mildly or moderately sick with COVID-19 and is NOT hospitalized. Monoclonal antibody treatment is a fluid given using a needle either into a vein (infusion) or under the skin (subcutaneously).Monoclonal antibodies are proteins produced in a lab that are designed to work like the antibodies (disease-fighting proteins) made by your own body. The proteins attach to a molecule on a virus or bacteria, in this case a spike protein on the outside of the COVID-19 virus. This blocks the virus from entering your cells, stopping the infection from spreading before it causes severe illness.

101321

Using monoclonal antibodies to treat COVID-19 is new, because COVID-19 is new. However, monoclonal antibodies have been tested and used for many years to treat some types of cancer and autoimmune diseases, as well as rabies, ebola, and other illnesses. Monoclonal antibody treatment works against the Delta variant of COVID-19. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) authorized monoclonal antibody treatment for emergency use for eligible COVID-19 patients. The FDA authorized two ways the treatment can be used: one is to treat someone who has tested positive for COVID-19 and the other is to help prevent COVID-19 in someone already exposed to the virus. Both uses are forpeople at high risk of getting severely ill.

101321

To receive either monoclonal antibody treatment you must be 12 years old or older and weigh more than 88 pounds (40 kilograms).

To be eligible to receive monoclonal antibody treatment for a current COVID-19 infection, you must:

  • Have tested positive for COVID-19
  • Be within 10 days of starting to have symptoms
  • Have mild to moderate symptoms
  • Not be hospitalized for COVID-19
  • Not be on new or increased oxygen therapy
  • And be considered a high risk patient (see below)

To be eligible to receive monoclonal antibody treatment to prevent COVID-19 infection, you must:

  • Have been exposed to COVID-19 or be at high risk of exposure in a group setting (such as a long term care facility or group home) with COVID-19 cases
  • Not be completely vaccinated or be vaccinated, but have a weakened immune system
  • And be considered a high risk patient (see below)

High risk conditions for both uses of monoclonal antibodies include:

  • Any medical condition or other factor, including race or ethnicity, that puts you at higher risk of getting severe COVID-19
  • 65 years of age or older
  • Obesity or being overweight
  • Pregnancy
  • Some ongoing diseases like kidney disease, diabetes, heart disease, high blood pressure, sickle cell disease, or lung disease
  • Disease or treatments that lower your immune response
  • Certain neurological or developmental disorders
  • Having a medical-related dependence on technology
101321

In addition to the antibody protein, the treatment contains water, sugar, salt, a common stabilizer often used in foods and cosmetics (polysorbate 80), and amino acids. The treatment does not contain eggs, pork products, latex or fetal cells.

101321

Monoclonal antibody treatment is not for everyone. Treatments may be offered through your health system, public health clinics, community clinics, or even pharmacies. Access to this treatment may depend on the overall supply available or the healthcare facilities near you.

101321

Monoclonal antibodies for COVID are covered by the Oregon Health Plan and other insurance providers and should be low or no cost to you.

101321

Social distancing refers to measures taken to increase physical space between people to slow the spread of the virus. When you can’t maintain more than 6 feet between people, make sure you use other protective measures including wearing a mask, avoiding touching your face and washing your hands often.

69961

Close contact as defined by the CDC is being within approximately 6 feet of a person with COVID-19 for a 15 minutes or more while they are infectious. It also means having direct contact with secretions from a person with COVID-19 (for example, being coughed or sneezed on).

Close contact with an infected person poses the highest risk of disease spread. That includes:

  • Living in the same household as a sick person with COVID-19
  • Caring for a sick person with COVID-19
  • Being within 6 feet of a sick person with COVID-19 for a prolonged period of time
  • Being in direct contact with secretions from a sick person with COVID-19 (for example, being coughed on, kissing or sharing utensils)

People can be exposed to COVID-19 without knowing it. That is why it’s important to take precautions whenever you are around people outside your household.

69961

If you get sick with cold-like symptoms, fever, cough or shortness of breath (even if your symptoms are very mild), you may have COVID-19. You should stay home and away from other people and consider getting tested. If you have any of the following conditions that may increase your risk for a serious infection (age 60 years or older, pregnancy or medical conditions), tell your healthcare provider you were exposed and describe your symptoms. They may want to monitor your health more closely or test you for COVID-19.

If you do not have a high-risk condition but want medical advice, call your healthcare provider and tell them you were exposed to someone with COVID-19 and describe your symptoms. Your healthcare provider can help you decide if you need to be evaluated in person. If you have a medical emergency and need to call 911, notify them that you may have been exposed to COVID-19. If possible, put on a mask.

69961

You should stay home away from others and monitor your health. Symptoms of COVID-19 can be similar to the common cold with sore throat and cough. Fever is not always present. Shortness of breath can mean more serious illness. Monitor your symptoms for 14 days after the last day you were in close contact with the sick person with COVID-19, and consider getting tested at 5–7 days after your last exposure or when you develop symptoms.

69961

If someone in your household becomes sick with cold-like symptoms, cough or fever, it is possible they have COVID-19. They should contact their healthcare provider for medical advice, especially if they are over the age of 60, pregnant, or have chronic medical conditions. They may want to get a COVID-19 test. If they can stay home to recover, they should follow these precautions:

  • Wear a mask
    You should wear a mask when you are around other people and before entering a healthcare provider’s office. If you are unable to wear a mask because of medical reasons, then people who live with you should not be in the same room with you and they should wear a mask when near you.
  • Stay home except to get medical care
    • Don't go to work or into public areas.
    • Avoid using public transportation, ride-sharing or taxis.
    • If you have a medical appointment, call your healthcare provider and tell them you may have COVID-19. This will help the provider’s office take steps to prevent exposure of other people.
  • Separate yourself from other people and animals in your home
    • You should stay in your own room and away from other people in your home as much as possible. Use a separate bathroom, if available. Increase airflow in shared spaces like the kitchen or bathroom by opening windows. If you need help, have just one person who is healthy and masked provide care.
    • You should avoid contact with pets and other animals while sick. When possible, have another member of your household care for your animals. If you must care for your pet, wash your hands before and after you interact with them and wear a mask.
  • Cover your coughs and sneezes
    Cover your mouth and nose with a tissue when you cough or sneeze. Throw used tissues in a lined trash can and immediately wash your hands with soap and water or use an alcohol-based sanitizer.
  • Monitor your symptoms
    • Call your healthcare provider if your symptoms worsen or you experience difficulty breathing. Tell your healthcare provider that you may have COVID-19. If you need to be seen in person, follow their instructions on how to enter a facility without exposing others and wear a mask.
    • If you have a medical emergency and need to call 911, notify them that you may have COVID-19. If possible, put on a mask before emergency medical services arrive.
69961

We are not permitted to release any information about specific COVID-19 case locations because of patient privacy laws. The risk of COVID-19 is widespread across the community, so the best way you can stay safe is to follow the public health guidelines.

69961

If you think you have been exposed to someone with COVID-19 and experience symptoms, you should stay home and monitor yourself for symptoms. Guidelines for when it is safe to leave home will differ depending on if you need to quarantine or isolate.

69961

Quarantine is intended to keep someone who may have been infected away from other people. The CDC provides specific quarantine guidelines.

Isolation is meant to keep those with a known infection away from other people, including those in their household. The CDC provides specific isolation guidelines.

69961

Effective 8/13/21, the State of Oregon requires masks to be worn by all adults and children 5 and older in indoor public settings. 

If you are traveling outside of Oregon, the CDC recommends wearing masks, especially in areas of significant community-based transmission.

Masks should include two or more washable, breathable layers.
Masks are not recommended for:

  • Children under age 2
  • Anyone who has trouble breathing
  • Anyone who is unconscious, incapacitated or otherwise unable to remove the mask without assistance
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Office Hours:

Clackamas County Call Center
503-655-8224
Monday to Friday
8 a.m. to 5 p.m.

Vaccine questions?
COVIDVaccine@clackamas.us

Regional Information
2-1-1

Clackamas County Crisis and Support Line
503-655-8585

National Suicide Prevention Lifeline
1-800-273-TALK